Periodontics (Gum Surgery)

 

PERIODONTITIS

The stages of gum disease are described in Early, Moderate and Advanced periodontitis. The disease can be either Localized in which case one or a few teeth can be involved to Generalized where all teeth can be affected.

NON-SURGICAL THERAPY

del mar dentistry Scaling and Root Planing: Manually removing the plaque and tarter from the root surfaces of your teeth below the gum line.



Antibiotics: Because the role of bacteria in gum disease, antibiotics or antimicrobial agents may be recommended. Antimicrobial mouth rinses may also be advised.

Bite correction: An imbalanced bite may accelerate bone destruction. Your teeth may be adjusted for proper and better function. A Bite-guard (removable retainer fitting over teeth) may be required to protect tooth surfaces and relax tense muscles.

Splinting: This technique attaches weak teeth together, combining them into a stronger single unit, making them more stable and offering more comfortable chewing.

SURGICAL THERAPY

In more advanced cases of infection, bone damage, Gum recession or even cosmetic surgery will be required.

Gingivectomy: This procedure is performed when excess amounts of gum growth around the teeth have occurred. This results in false pocket formation and the inability to keep them clean.

Osseous (bone surgery): This procedure is done to smooth shallow craters and defects in the bone due to mild or moderate bone loss.

Guided Tissue Regeneration: This procedure is done in combination with a surgical flap operation where gum growth into a defect is barriered off to allow slower growing bone, cementum and ligament cells to populate a bony defect.

Bone Grafts: Tiny fragments of the patient's bone, synthetic bone or bone obtained from a bone bank are used to fill a bony defect arount the teeth. These grafts act as a scaffold on or around which patient's own bone is conducted or induced to grow.

Soft Tissue Graft: In cases of gum recession a graft is usually taken from the palate and transplanted onto the receding area to reinforce the thin gum and to inhibit further gum recession. Although as a whole there is no cure for periodontitis (unless in some specific cases), the purpose of all periodontal therapy is to stop or slow down the progression of gum disease. The success of the therapy is for most part determined by patient's oral hygiene and professional maintenance.





Locations:


Del Mar Dental Arts Office

12750 Carmel Country Rd
Suite 213
San Diego, CA 92130


(858) 481-8107



Fifth Avenue Dental Arts Office

450 A St. Suite 200
San Diego, CA 92101

(619) 233-3338